Synthetic Biology aims at designing complex biological systems that do not exist naturally. To this end Synthetic Biology combines the disciplines of Biology, Chemistry, Informatics, Mathematics, Physics and engineering in interdisciplinary research teams. Classical examples of synthetic Biology are the development of tailor-made minimal cells, the design of novel metabolic pathways, the construction of complex genetic switches and the creation of orthogonal bio-systems. Anticipated applications of these developments are novel strategies for disease prevention, therapy and diagnostic, but also for the development of new sources for bioenergy, new approaches in environmental protection and the production of fine chemicals. Objectives of the project "Synthetic Biology" are bundling the individual expertise in the above mentioned disciplines at the FAU and to foster projects on developing novel metabolic pathways in living systems as well as the design of tailor-made minimal cells and nano-factories.